Iqbal Day 9 November

Iqbal Day 9 November

Iqbal Day 9 November

Introduction

Iqbal Day 9 November

Iqbal Day 9 November

Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and politician born in Sialkot, British India (now in Pakistan), whose poetry in Urdu, Arabic and Persian is consider to be among the great of the modern era and whose vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was to inspire the creation of Pakistan. He is common referre to as Allama Iqbal‎, Allama mean “Scholar”.

Iqbal was a strong proponent of the political and spiritual revival of Islamic civilisation across the world, but specifically in India; a series of famous lectures he deliver to this effect were publish as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. One of the most prominent leaders of the All India Muslim League, Iqbal encourage the creation of a “state in northwestern India for Indian Muslims” in his 1930 presidential address. Iqbal encourage and work close with Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and he is known as Muffakir-e-Pakistan (“The Think of Pakistan”), Shair-e-Mashriq (“The Poet of the East”), and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (“The Sage ofUmmah”). He is official recognize as the “nation poet” in Pakistan.

Early life

Iqbal Day 9 November

Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot, Punjab, British India (now part of Pakistan); the eldest of five siblings in a Kashmiri family. Iqbal’s father Shaikh Nur Muhammad was a prosperous tailor, well-known for his devotion to Islam, and the family raised their children with deep religious grounding.

Iqbal was educate initially by tutors in languages and writing, history, poetry and religion. The student became proficient in several languages and the skill of writing prose and poetry, and graduate in 1897. Following custom, at the age of 15 Iqbal’s family arrange for him to be married to Karim Bibi, the daughter of an affluent Gujrati physician. The couple had two children: a daughter, Mi’raj Begam (born 1895) and a son, Aftab (born 1899). Iqbal’s third son died soon after birth. The husband and wife were unhappy in their marriage and eventually divorce in 1916.

Literary career

Iqbal Day 9 November

Upon his return to India in 1908, Iqbal took up assistant professorship at the Government College in Lahore, but for financial reasons he relinquished it within a year to practice law. During this period, Iqbal’s personal life was in turmoil. He divorced Karim Bibi in 1916, but provided financial support to her and their children for the rest of his life.

While maintaining his legal practice, Iqbal began concentrating on spiritual and religious subjects, and publishing poetry and literary works. He became active in the Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, a congress of Muslim intellectuals, writers and poets as well as politicians and in 1919 became the general secretary of the organization.

Iqbal’s thoughts in his work primarily focused on the spiritual direction and development of human society, centered on experiences from his travel and stay in Western Europe and the Middle East.

He was profound influence by Western philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson and Goethe, and soon became a strong critic of Western society’s separation of religion from state and what he perceive as its obsession with materialist pursuits.

Iqbal Day 9 November

Iqbal Day 9 November

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