Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Introduction

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Allama Iqbal was born on 19th November at Sialkot, in 1877. His parents Noor Muhammad and Imam Bibi were pious and religious persons.
Allama Iqbal passed his matriculation and intermediate exams in 1893 and 1895 respectively. He did his B.A from Government College, Lahore in 1897 and M.A in philosophy in 1899.

Allama Iqbal took his Doctorate Degree from Munich (Germany). His thesis was “Philosophy Of Ajam”. After talking his Barrister’s Degree from London, In 1908; he returned home

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Works in Persian

Iqbal’s poetic work are write most in Persian rather. Among his 12,000 verses of poem, about 7,000 verses are in Persian. In 1915, he publish his first collection of poetry, the Asrar-e-Khudi (Secrets of the Self) in Persian. The poems delve into concepts of ego and emphasize the spirit and self from a religious, spiritual perspective.

Many critics have called this Iqbal’s finest poetic work. In Asrar-e-Khudi, Iqbal has explained his philosophy of “Khudi,” or “Self.” He proves by various means that the whole universe obeys the will of the “Self.” Iqbal condemns self-destruction. For him the aim of life is self-realization and self-knowledge. He charts the stages through which the “Self” has to pass before finally arriving at its point of perfection, enabling the knower of the “Self” to become the viceregent of Allah.

In his Rumuz-e-Bekhudi (Hints of Selflessness), Iqbal seeks to prove that Islamic way of life is the best code of conduct for a nation’s viability. A person must keep his individual characteristics intact but once this is achieve he should sacrifice his personal ambitions for the needs of the nation (Muslim Ummah). Also in Persian and published in 1917, this group of poems has as its main themes the ideal community, Islamic ethical and social principles and the relationship between the individual and society. Although he is true throughout to Islam, Iqbal recognises also the positive analogous aspects of other religions.

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Works in Urdu

Iqbal’s first work publish in Urdu, the Bang-e-Dara (The Call of the Marching Bell) of 1924, was a collect of poet write by him in three distinct phase of his life. The poem he wrote up to 1905, the year Iqbal left for England imbibe patriotism and imagery of landscape, and includes the Tarana-e-Hind (The Song of India), popularly known as Saare Jahan Se Achcha and another poem Tarana-e-Milli (Anthem of the (Muslim) Community), which was compose in the same metre and rhyme scheme as Saare Jahan Se Achcha.

The second set of poems date from between 1905 and 1908 when Iqbal studied in Europe and dwell upon the nature of European society, which he emphasized had lost spiritual and religious values.

This inspired Iqbal to write poems on the historical and cultural heritage of Islamic culture and Muslim people, not from an Indian but a global perspective. Iqbal urges the global community of Muslims, addressed as the Ummah to define personal, social and political existence by the values and teachings of Islam. Poems such as Tulu’i Islam (Dawn of Islam) and Khizr-e-Rah (The Guided Path) are especial acclaim.

Iqbal preferred to work mainly in Persian for a predominant period of his career, but after 1930, his works were mainly in Urdu.

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

Iqbal Day 9 Nov

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